Movement Foundation

Introduction to movement

What is movement?

Movement refers to moving the body. This is sometimes called physical activity or exercise, but also includes daily general activity.

Lack of movement and lack of challenging the body's muscles leads to a gradual decline in metabolic health.

Metabolic health is aided by three key types of movement. These are:

  • moving regularly
  • challenging big muscles
  • challenging the cardiorespiratory system (lungs, heart, and blood vessels).

In addition, rest is important especially after episodes of more intensive movement.

Movement can be divided into factors that worsen metabolic health, and those which improve it.

Movement factors that can worsen metabolic health

Being sedentary

Spending prolonged periods of time, whilst awake, sitting or lying down.


Excessive physical activity with inadequate rest.

Movement factors that can improve metabolic health

Regular movement

Light activity for a few minutes every hour or so.

Resistance activity

Challenging the muscles of the arms, legs, and buttocks for a short period.

Aerobic activity

Activity that causes an increase in breathing rate and the heart to beat faster.


Do you have any advice that will help us to improve this guide?

Copyright 2024 Preventative Healthcare Group Ltd. All rights reserved.

Preventative Healthcare Group Ltd is a company registered in England and Wales (Company No. 13884643). Terms of use.